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亚游ag2018-2019学年英语必修三试卷

2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Make a cake.  B. Set the alarm.   C。 Go to a birthday party。

2. What does the woman think about reading right now?

A。 It’s bad for the man’s eyes。  B. It’s fine for the man to do it.

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3。 Who made the painting?

A。 The woman。  B. The man’s daughter.  C。 A professional painter。

4. Which bus should the man take?

A. The No.40.    B. The No.9.   C。 The No。14。

5. Who is the woman?

A。 A farmer。     B. A customer.   C. A store owner.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6。 Where did the man just come from?

A。 The hospital。    B. Bob’s home.   C. His soccer practice.

7. Why did Bob get hurt?

A. He got hit by a ball.   B。 He ran too much。  C。 He was pushed。

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8。 What are the players given in the beginning?

A。 A map。     B. Some tools.   C. A piece of paper.

9。 What happens at the end of the game?

A. You get a prize.    B。 You start over again。

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10。 What is the man doing?

A。 Giving a lecture。  B。 Selling something。   C。 Performing in a show。

11. How much are the necklaces?

A. $20 each.    B。 $30 each。    C。 $60 each。

12. Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A. Stephanie.   B。 The woman。   C。 The man’s mother。

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B。 Directions to a place。  C. Electricity in her house.

14. Where does the woman live?

A。 At 312 Bush Street。  B。 At 368 Bush Street。  C。 At 668 Pine Street。

15. What day of the week is it today?

A。 Monday。    B. Friday.    C。 Saturday。

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A。 Sad。     B. Worried.    C. Satisfied.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What was Pat Hogan doing?

A. Driving home.  B。 Helping old people。 C。 Traveling around the country。

18。 Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B。 In his own house。  C. At his friend’s house.

19. How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B. About nine miles.  C. About twelve miles.

20。 Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A. He wanted to get home. B. He forgot to stop Pat.  C。 He didn’t see the hotel。

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2。 How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week。 And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议).

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3。 How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

· Step:  Be aware of germs。 Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

21. What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B。 Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week。

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           。

A. eight times a day         B. three times a day   

C. four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A。 We should keep from touching our faces。

B。 There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth。

C。 A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet。

D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear。 "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked。

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas。" The boy was surprised。 "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything。 Boy, I wish。。。" He hesitated (犹豫)。

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for。 He was going to wish he had a brother like that。 But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly。

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that。" Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that."

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted。 He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear。 But Paul was wrong again。 "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked。

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about."

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car。 The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride。

24. The street urchin was very surprised when ________.

A。 Paul received an expensive ear          B。 Paul told him about the car

C。 he saw the shining car                 D。 he was walking around the car

25. From the story we can see the urchin ________.

A。 wished to give his brother a car         B。 wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C. wished he could have a brother like Paul's D. wished Paul could he a brother like that

26。 The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________。

A. to show his neighbours the big car       B. to show he had a rich friend

C. to let his brother ride in the car          D. to tell his brother about his wish

27。 We can infer from the story that ________。

   A. Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B. the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C. the urchin wanted to show off         D。 Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov。 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens。 Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像).

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844。 As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health。 However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal.

  When Samuel was 12,his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒). After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant. It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing.

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St. Louis. While in St. LouisSamuel became a river pilot' s apprentice。 He became a licensed river pilot in 1858。 Samuel's pen name, Mark Twain,comes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured. “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行)。

  In 1861Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States. In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon.

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885. He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles.

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today。 His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal。 Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year。

28.What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A. Injury.       B. Pressure.     C. Sadness.     D. Illness.

29.Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a。 Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice.

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c. Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal.

   d. Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published.

   e. Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter。

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon。

A. abcd,ef             B 。c,abe,df

C。 c,a,b,e,f,d             D。 acbef,d

30。What can we know from the passage?

A。 Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing。

B. Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood。

C. Before his first book,Mark Twain published his writing.

D. Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total。

31。Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C。 What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did。

 D。 The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write。

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer。 The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹)。Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”。

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32.The passage begins with two questions to ______.

A. introduce the main topic    B. show the author’s attitude

C。 describe how to use the Internet  D. explain how to store information

33.What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B。The two groups remembered the information equally well。

C.The first group did not try to remember the information.

D。The second group did not understand the information。

34.In transactive memory, people _________.

A.keep the information in mind    B.change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D。remember how to find the information

35。What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B.We are becoming more intelligent.

C.We have poorer memories than before. D。We need a better way to access information。

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn fact,the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a changeyou need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your familyget in some exercise,or just be better prepared for your day?Once you are clear about your reasons,tell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake up,consider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your familysave some time the night before by setting out clothes,shoesand bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a week,take a look at your record 40 If nottake another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are workingkeep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up timeno matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago。 I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game。 Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me. I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  .Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  。That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football.

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game。 But that wasnˈt what happened。 My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life!

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them. I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born.

41。   A。 luck B. tests C. efforts D. nature

42.   A. experiment B. experience C. visit D. show

43.   A. operating B。 editing C. consulting D。 coaching

44。   A. successful B. excellent C. strong D. new

45.   A。 cheer for B。 prepare for C。 help with D. finish with

46.  A。 believe B. agree C. describe D. regret

47。   A. realize B. claim C. permit D. demand

48.   A. reacting to B。 looking for C。 depending on D. caring about

49。   A. decision B. attitude C。 conclusion D. intention

50.   A. pride B. culture C. fortune D。 relationship

51.   A. leaders B。 partners C. winners D. leaners

52.   A. rewards B。 vacations C. health D. honor

53。   A. risked B。 missed C. considered D。 practiced

54。   A。 defeat B。 decline C. accident D。 mistake

55.   A. relax B. improve C。 expand D. defend

56.   A. shame B. burden C。 victory D. favor

57。   A。 chances B. thrills C。 concerns D。 offers

58.   A. surprise B. serve C. interest D. affect

59.   A. encouraged B. observed C。 protected D. impressed

60。   A。 honestly B。 individually C. calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1。5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers. However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy. So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit.

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs. For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to drink a lot of water.   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair.

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports. When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71。 Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先).

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery。

73。 Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World.

74。 The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China.

75. Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside。

77。 Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78。 Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses.

79. We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom。

80. I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand.

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81。 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal.

82. 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83。 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school.

84. 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years。

85。 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave。

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100.

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61.regularly    62。with    63.it    64。Drinking    65.that

66.exercising    67.produces    68.relaxed    69.suggestions    70。better

V。 词汇运用10分)

71. ancestors    72. awarded    73. arrival    74. energetic    75. permission

76. Curiosity    77. balanced    78. strengths     79. sought     80. unpaid

VI. 完成句子5分)

81。 was brought up      82。 getting away with      83。 account for      

84. have taken place      85. It was abvious that

VII. 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study。 So Im writing to give you some advice about it.

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately。 Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them。 Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems。 Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions. Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health。 Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help。
    I’m looking forward to your early reply.

 2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7。5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1。 What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Make a cake.  B. Set the alarm.   C。 Go to a birthday party。

2. What does the woman think about reading right now?

A. It’s bad for the man’s eyes.  B. It’s fine for the man to do it.

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3。 Who made the painting?

A. The woman.  B。 The man’s daughter。  C。 A professional painter。

4。 Which bus should the man take?

A。 The No。40。    B. The No.9.   C。 The No。14。

5. Who is the woman?

A。 A farmer。     B. A customer.   C. A store owner.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1。5分,满分22。5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6。 Where did the man just come from?

A. The hospital.    B。 Bob’s home。   C. His soccer practice.

7. Why did Bob get hurt?

A. He got hit by a ball.   B. He ran too much.  C. He was pushed.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the players given in the beginning?

A。 A map。     B。 Some tools。   C. A piece of paper.

9. What happens at the end of the game?

A. You get a prize.    B. You start over again.

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10。 What is the man doing?

A. Giving a lecture.  B。 Selling something。   C。 Performing in a show。

11。 How much are the necklaces?

A. $20 each.    B。 $30 each。    C. $60 each.

12。 Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A。 Stephanie。   B. The woman.   C。 The man’s mother。

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B。 Directions to a place。  C。 Electricity in her house。

14。 Where does the woman live?

A。 At 312 Bush Street。  B. At 368 Bush Street.  C. At 668 Pine Street.

15. What day of the week is it today?

A。 Monday。    B. Friday.    C. Saturday.

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A. Sad.     B. Worried.    C. Satisfied.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17。 What was Pat Hogan doing?

A. Driving home.  B. Helping old people. C. Traveling around the country.

18. Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B。 In his own house。  C。 At his friend’s house。

19. How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B. About nine miles.  C。 About twelve miles。

20. Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A。 He wanted to get home。 B. He forgot to stop Pat.  C. He didn’t see the hotel.

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1。 How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week。 And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议).

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should。

· Step:  Be aware of germs。 Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

21。 What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B. Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week.

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           .

A. eight times a day         B。 three times a day   

C. four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A。 We should keep from touching our faces。

B。 There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth。

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D。 We should wash our hands before touching a door handle。

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present。 On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear. "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked.

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas." The boy was surprised. "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything. Boy, I wish..." He hesitated (犹豫)。

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for。 He was going to wish he had a brother like that。 But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly。

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that。" Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that。"

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear. But Paul was wrong again. "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked.

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs。 His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent。 And some day I'm going to give you one just like it。 Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about。"

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car。 The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride。

24. The street urchin was very surprised when ________.

A。 Paul received an expensive ear          B。 Paul told him about the car

C。 he saw the shining car                 D。 he was walking around the car

25. From the story we can see the urchin ________.

A。 wished to give his brother a car         B。 wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C。 wished he could have a brother like Paul's D。 wished Paul could he a brother like that

26. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________.

A。 to show his neighbours the big car       B。 to show he had a rich friend

C。 to let his brother ride in the car          D。 to tell his brother about his wish

27. We can infer from the story that ________.

   A. Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B。 the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C. the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov。 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens。 Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像)。

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844。 As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health。 However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal。

  When Samuel was 12,his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒)。 After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant。 It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing。

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St。 Louis。 While in St。 LouisSamuel became a river pilot' s apprentice。 He became a licensed river pilot in 1858。 Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured. “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行).

  In 1861Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States. In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon.

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885. He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles.

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal. Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year.

28.What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A。 Injury。       B。 Pressure。     C。 Sadness。     D。 Illness。

29.Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a. Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice.

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c. Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal.

   d。 Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published。

   e. Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter。

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon.

A。 a,bc,d,ef             B 。cabed,f

C. ca,b,efd             D. acbefd

30。What can we know from the passage?

A。 Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing。

B. Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood.

C. Before his first bookMark Twain published his writing.

D. Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total.

31.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C. What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did.

 D。 The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write.

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer。 The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹)。Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts。 When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information。 Rather, they remember how to find it。 This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”.

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32.The passage begins with two questions to ______.

A. introduce the main topic    B. show the author’s attitude

C. describe how to use the Internet  D。 explain how to store information

33。What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B。The two groups remembered the information equally well。

C.The first group did not try to remember the information.

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34。In transactive memory, people _________。

A.keep the information in mind    B.change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D。remember how to find the information

35.What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B.We are becoming more intelligent.

C.We have poorer memories than before. D。We need a better way to access information。

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn factthe key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a changeyou need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your familyget in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your dayOnce you are clear about your reasonstell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake upconsider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your familysave some time the night before by setting out clothes,shoesand bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday night,sleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If nottake another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are workingkeep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up time,no matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner。 People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago. I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia。 It was a small school with a weak football program。

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated。 I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me. I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  .Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football.

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasnˈt what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them. I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born.

41。   A。 luck B。 tests C。 efforts D。 nature

42.   A. experiment B. experience C. visit D。 show

43。   A。 operating B. editing C。 consulting D. coaching

44.   A. successful B。 excellent C. strong D. new

45。   A. cheer for B. prepare for C. help with D. finish with

46.  A. believe B。 agree C. describe D. regret

47。   A. realize B。 claim C. permit D. demand

48。   A. reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about

49.   A. decision B. attitude C。 conclusion D. intention

50.   A. pride B. culture C。 fortune D。 relationship

51。   A. leaders B。 partners C。 winners D. leaners

52.   A. rewards B. vacations C. health D。 honor

53.   A。 risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced

54.   A. defeat B. decline C。 accident D. mistake

55.   A. relax B。 improve C. expand D. defend

56.   A。 shame B。 burden C. victory D. favor

57。   A. chances B. thrills C。 concerns D。 offers

58.   A。 surprise B。 serve C。 interest D. affect

59.   A. encouraged B。 observed C。 protected D。 impressed

60。   A. honestly B. individually C. calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers。 However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy. So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit.

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs. For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to drink a lot of water.   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair.

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports. When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71. Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先).

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery.

73。 Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World.

74. The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China.

75。 Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside.

77. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78. Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses.

79. We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom.

80. I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand。

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81. 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal.

82。 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83. 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school.

84. 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years.

85。 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave。

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100。

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61.regularly    62.with    63。it    64.Drinking    65.that

66。exercising    67。produces    68.relaxed    69。suggestions    70.better

V. 词汇运用10分)

71. ancestors    72. awarded    73. arrival    74. energetic    75. permission

76。 Curiosity    77。 balanced    78。 strengths     79。 sought     80。 unpaid

VI. 完成句子5分)

81. was brought up      82. getting away with      83. account for      

84. have taken place      85. It was abvious that

VII。 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study。 So Im writing to give you some advice about it。

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately. Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them。 Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems。 Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions. Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health. Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help。
    I’m looking forward to your early reply.

 2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l。5分,满分7。5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman want the man to do?

A。 Make a cake。  B。 Set the alarm。   C. Go to a birthday party.

2。 What does the woman think about reading right now?

A。 It’s bad for the man’s eyes。  B。 It’s fine for the man to do it。

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3。 Who made the painting?

A。 The woman。  B。 The man’s daughter。  C. A professional painter.

4。 Which bus should the man take?

A. The No.40.    B. The No.9.   C. The No.14.

5. Who is the woman?

A. A farmer.     B. A customer.   C. A store owner.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22。5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6。 Where did the man just come from?

A。 The hospital。    B. Bob’s home.   C。 His soccer practice。

7. Why did Bob get hurt?

A. He got hit by a ball.   B。 He ran too much。  C. He was pushed.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the players given in the beginning?

A。 A map。     B. Some tools.   C. A piece of paper.

9。 What happens at the end of the game?

A。 You get a prize。    B。 You start over again。

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10。 What is the man doing?

A。 Giving a lecture。  B. Selling something.   C. Performing in a show.

11. How much are the necklaces?

A. $20 each.    B. $30 each.    C. $60 each.

12。 Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A. Stephanie.   B. The woman.   C。 The man’s mother。

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B. Directions to a place.  C. Electricity in her house.

14. Where does the woman live?

A。 At 312 Bush Street。  B。 At 368 Bush Street。  C. At 668 Pine Street.

15。 What day of the week is it today?

A. Monday.    B. Friday.    C。 Saturday。

16。 How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A。 Sad。     B. Worried.    C. Satisfied.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What was Pat Hogan doing?

A. Driving home.  B. Helping old people. C。 Traveling around the country。

18。 Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A。 In the Sun Hotel。  B. In his own house.  C. At his friend’s house.

19。 How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A。 About seven miles。  B。 About nine miles。  C. About twelve miles.

20。 Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A. He wanted to get home. B. He forgot to stop Pat.  C. He didn’t see the hotel.

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1。 How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2。 How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议).

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should。

· Step:  Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

21。 What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B。 Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week。

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D。 About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           。

A。 eight times a day         B。 three times a day   

C. four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D。 We should wash our hands before touching a door handle。

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear。 "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked。

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas。" The boy was surprised。 "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything。 Boy, I wish。。。" He hesitated (犹豫).

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for。 He was going to wish he had a brother like that。 But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly。

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that。" Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that."

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted。 He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear。 But Paul was wrong again。 "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked。

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about."

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride.

24。 The street urchin was very surprised when ________。

A. Paul received an expensive ear          B. Paul told him about the car

C. he saw the shining car                 D. he was walking around the car

25. From the story we can see the urchin ________.

A. wished to give his brother a car         B. wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C。 wished he could have a brother like Paul's D。 wished Paul could he a brother like that

26。 The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________。

A. to show his neighbours the big car       B. to show he had a rich friend

C. to let his brother ride in the car          D. to tell his brother about his wish

27。 We can infer from the story that ________。

   A。 Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B. the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C. the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov。 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens。 Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像)。

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844. As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health. However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal。

  When Samuel was 12his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒)。 After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant。 It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing。

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St。 Louis。 While in St。 Louis,Samuel became a river pilot' s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot。 It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured。 “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行)。

  In 1861Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States。 In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon。

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885. He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles.

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal. Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year.

28.What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A。 Injury。       B。 Pressure。     C。 Sadness。     D。 Illness。

29。Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a. Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice。

   b。 Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c. Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal.

   d。 Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published。

   e。 Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter。

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon.

A. a,bc,def             B 。c,abedf

C。 cab,ef,d             D。 a,c,be,fd

30.What can we know from the passage?

A. Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing.

B. Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood。

C。 Before his first book,Mark Twain published his writing。

D。 Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total。

31.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C。 What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did。

 D. The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write。

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer. The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹).Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”.

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32.The passage begins with two questions to ______.

A. introduce the main topic    B。 show the author’s attitude

C. describe how to use the Internet  D. explain how to store information

33。What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B.The two groups remembered the information equally well.

C。The first group did not try to remember the information。

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34。In transactive memory, people _________。

A。keep the information in mind    B.change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D.remember how to find the information

35.What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B。We are becoming more intelligent。

C。We have poorer memories than before。 D.We need a better way to access information.

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn fact,the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a change,you need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your familyget in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your dayOnce you are clear about your reasonstell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake up,consider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your family,save some time the night before by setting out clothes,shoes,and bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If not,take another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are workingkeep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up timeno matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1。5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner。 People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago. I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia。 It was a small school with a weak football program。

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game。 Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation。 Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me. I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  .Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football。

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasnˈt what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them. I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born.

41.   A. luck B。 tests C. efforts D. nature

42.   A. experiment B。 experience C. visit D。 show

43。   A. operating B. editing C。 consulting D。 coaching

44.   A. successful B. excellent C. strong D. new

45。   A. cheer for B。 prepare for C. help with D. finish with

46。  A. believe B。 agree C. describe D。 regret

47.   A. realize B。 claim C. permit D。 demand

48.   A. reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about

49.   A。 decision B。 attitude C. conclusion D. intention

50.   A. pride B。 culture C. fortune D。 relationship

51。   A。 leaders B. partners C. winners D. leaners

52.   A。 rewards B. vacations C. health D。 honor

53.   A. risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced

54.   A。 defeat B. decline C. accident D. mistake

55.   A. relax B。 improve C. expand D。 defend

56。   A. shame B. burden C. victory D。 favor

57。   A。 chances B. thrills C. concerns D。 offers

58.   A。 surprise B. serve C. interest D. affect

59。   A。 encouraged B. observed C。 protected D. impressed

60.   A. honestly B。 individually C. calmly D。 differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers。 However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy。 So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit。

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs. For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to drink a lot of water.   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair.

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports。 When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71. Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先)。

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery。

73。 Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World.

74。 The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China.

75. Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside。

77. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78。 Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses.

79. We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom.

80. I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand.

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81. 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal。

82。 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83。 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school。

84. 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years.

85. 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave.

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100.

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61.regularly    62.with    63。it    64.Drinking    65.that

66.exercising    67.produces    68。relaxed    69.suggestions    70.better

V。 词汇运用10分)

71. ancestors    72. awarded    73. arrival    74. energetic    75. permission

76。 Curiosity    77。 balanced    78。 strengths     79。 sought     80。 unpaid

VI。 完成句子5分)

81. was brought up      82. getting away with      83. account for      

84. have taken place      85. It was abvious that

VII. 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study。 So Im writing to give you some advice about it.

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately. Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them. Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems. Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions. Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health。 Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help.
    I’m looking forward to your early reply.

 2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l。5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1。 What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Make a cake.  B. Set the alarm.   C。 Go to a birthday party。

2。 What does the woman think about reading right now?

A. It’s bad for the man’s eyes.  B. It’s fine for the man to do it.

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3。 Who made the painting?

A. The woman.  B。 The man’s daughter。  C. A professional painter.

4. Which bus should the man take?

A. The No.40.    B。 The No。9。   C。 The No。14。

5。 Who is the woman?

A. A farmer.     B. A customer.   C. A store owner.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Where did the man just come from?

A。 The hospital。    B. Bob’s home.   C. His soccer practice.

7。 Why did Bob get hurt?

A。 He got hit by a ball。   B. He ran too much.  C。 He was pushed。

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the players given in the beginning?

A. A map.     B. Some tools.   C. A piece of paper.

9. What happens at the end of the game?

A。 You get a prize。    B. You start over again.

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. What is the man doing?

A。 Giving a lecture。  B。 Selling something。   C。 Performing in a show。

11. How much are the necklaces?

A。 $20 each。    B. $30 each.    C. $60 each.

12. Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A. Stephanie.   B。 The woman。   C。 The man’s mother。

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13。 What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B。 Directions to a place。  C. Electricity in her house.

14. Where does the woman live?

A. At 312 Bush Street.  B. At 368 Bush Street.  C. At 668 Pine Street.

15. What day of the week is it today?

A. Monday.    B。 Friday。    C。 Saturday。

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A. Sad.     B. Worried.    C。 Satisfied。

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What was Pat Hogan doing?

A。 Driving home。  B. Helping old people. C。 Traveling around the country。

18。 Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B. In his own house.  C。 At his friend’s house。

19. How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B。 About nine miles。  C. About twelve miles.

20. Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A。 He wanted to get home。 B。 He forgot to stop Pat。  C. He didn’t see the hotel.

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits。 Here are some findings and expert advice。

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week。 And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议).

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes。 Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle。 And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds。

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

· Step:  Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds。

21. What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B。 Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week。

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           .

A. eight times a day         B。 three times a day   

C。 four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C。 A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet。

D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present。 On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear. "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked.

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas。" The boy was surprised。 "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything。 Boy, I wish。。。" He hesitated (犹豫).

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for。 He was going to wish he had a brother like that。 But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly。

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that." Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that."

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted。 He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear。 But Paul was wrong again。 "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked。

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about."

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car。 The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride。

24. The street urchin was very surprised when ________.

A. Paul received an expensive ear          B. Paul told him about the car

C。 he saw the shining car                 D。 he was walking around the car

25。 From the story we can see the urchin ________。

A. wished to give his brother a car         B. wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C。 wished he could have a brother like Paul's D。 wished Paul could he a brother like that

26. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________.

A. to show his neighbours the big car       B. to show he had a rich friend

C. to let his brother ride in the car          D. to tell his brother about his wish

27。 We can infer from the story that ________。

   A。 Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B。 the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C。 the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov. 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像).

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844. As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health. However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal.

  When Samuel was 12his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒). After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant. It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing.

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St。 Louis。 While in St。 LouisSamuel became a river pilot' s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured. “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行).

  In 1861,Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States. In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon.

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885. He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles.

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal. Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year.

28。What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A. Injury.       B. Pressure.     C. Sadness.     D. Illness.

29。Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a. Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice.

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c。 Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal.

   d。 Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published.

   e. Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter.

   f。 Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon.

A. a,bc,def             B 。cab,e,df

C。 cab,efd             D. ac,befd

30.What can we know from the passage?

A. Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing.

B。 Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood.

C. Before his first book,Mark Twain published his writing.

D. Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total。

31.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C。 What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did。

 D. The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write.

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer。 The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹)。Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”。

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet。 Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date。 This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing。

32。The passage begins with two questions to ______。

A。 introduce the main topic    B. show the author’s attitude

C. describe how to use the Internet  D。 explain how to store information

33.What can we learn about the first experiment?

A。The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer。

B.The two groups remembered the information equally well.

C.The first group did not try to remember the information.

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34.In transactive memory, people _________.

A。keep the information in mind    B.change the quantity of information

C。organize information like a computer  D。remember how to find the information

35。What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B.We are becoming more intelligent.

C.We have poorer memories than before. D.We need a better way to access information.

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn factthe key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a change,you need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family,get in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your dayOnce you are clear about your reasonstell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake upconsider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your familysave some time the night before by setting out clothes,shoesand bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If nottake another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are working,keep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up timeno matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago. I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me。 I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  .Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football。

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game。 But that wasnˈt what happened。 My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team。 Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them. I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born。

41。   A. luck B。 tests C。 efforts D. nature

42.   A. experiment B. experience C。 visit D。 show

43.   A. operating B. editing C. consulting D。 coaching

44。   A. successful B. excellent C。 strong D. new

45.   A。 cheer for B. prepare for C。 help with D. finish with

46.  A。 believe B. agree C. describe D. regret

47.   A。 realize B。 claim C. permit D. demand

48.   A. reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about

49.   A. decision B. attitude C。 conclusion D。 intention

50。   A. pride B. culture C. fortune D. relationship

51.   A. leaders B. partners C. winners D. leaners

52.   A. rewards B。 vacations C。 health D. honor

53.   A。 risked B。 missed C. considered D。 practiced

54。   A. defeat B. decline C。 accident D. mistake

55。   A. relax B。 improve C. expand D. defend

56.   A。 shame B. burden C. victory D. favor

57.   A。 chances B. thrills C. concerns D. offers

58。   A. surprise B. serve C。 interest D. affect

59。   A. encouraged B。 observed C。 protected D. impressed

60.   A。 honestly B。 individually C。 calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers。 However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy. So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit.

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs. For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to drink a lot of water.   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair.

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports。 When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71。 Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先).

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery.

73。 Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World。

74. The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China。

75. Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside。

77. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78。 Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses。

79。 We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom.

80. I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand。

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81. 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal.

82。 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83。 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school。

84。 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years.

85. 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave.

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100。

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply。

Yours sincerely

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61。regularly    62。with    63.it    64.Drinking    65。that

66.exercising    67.produces    68.relaxed    69。suggestions    70。better

V。 词汇运用10分)

71。 ancestors    72。 awarded    73。 arrival    74。 energetic    75。 permission

76。 Curiosity    77。 balanced    78。 strengths     79。 sought     80。 unpaid

VI。 完成句子5分)

81. was brought up      82. getting away with      83. account for      

84。 have taken place      85。 It was abvious that

VII. 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So Im writing to give you some advice about it.

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately。 Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them. Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems。 Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions. Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health. Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help.
    I’m looking forward to your early reply.

 2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1。 What does the woman want the man to do?

A。 Make a cake。  B. Set the alarm.   C。 Go to a birthday party。

2. What does the woman think about reading right now?

A. It’s bad for the man’s eyes.  B. It’s fine for the man to do it.

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3。 Who made the painting?

A. The woman.  B. The man’s daughter.  C。 A professional painter。

4. Which bus should the man take?

A. The No.40.    B. The No.9.   C. The No.14.

5. Who is the woman?

A。 A farmer。     B. A customer.   C. A store owner.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1。5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6。 Where did the man just come from?

A. The hospital.    B. Bob’s home.   C。 His soccer practice。

7。 Why did Bob get hurt?

A. He got hit by a ball.   B。 He ran too much。  C。 He was pushed。

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8。 What are the players given in the beginning?

A. A map.     B。 Some tools。   C. A piece of paper.

9. What happens at the end of the game?

A。 You get a prize。    B. You start over again.

C。 You find the directions for the next game。

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. What is the man doing?

A. Giving a lecture.  B. Selling something.   C. Performing in a show.

11。 How much are the necklaces?

A. $20 each.    B。 $30 each。    C. $60 each.

12. Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A. Stephanie.   B. The woman.   C. The man’s mother.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13。 What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B。 Directions to a place。  C。 Electricity in her house。

14. Where does the woman live?

A. At 312 Bush Street.  B。 At 368 Bush Street。  C。 At 668 Pine Street。

15. What day of the week is it today?

A。 Monday。    B. Friday.    C. Saturday.

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A。 Sad。     B。 Worried。    C。 Satisfied。

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What was Pat Hogan doing?

A。 Driving home。  B。 Helping old people。 C. Traveling around the country.

18。 Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B。 In his own house。  C. At his friend’s house.

19. How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B. About nine miles.  C。 About twelve miles。

20. Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A. He wanted to get home. B。 He forgot to stop Pat。  C。 He didn’t see the hotel。

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week。 And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议)。

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3。 How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should。

· Step:  Be aware of germs。 Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

21. What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B. Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week.

C。 All of them are fighting germs better than expected。

D。 About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22。 Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           .

A. eight times a day         B. three times a day   

C. four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A。 We should keep from touching our faces。

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle.

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear. "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked.

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas。" The boy was surprised。 "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything。 Boy, I wish。。。" He hesitated (犹豫).

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for. He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly.

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that." Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that."

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear. But Paul was wrong again. "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked.

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother。 He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car。

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about."

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride.

24. The street urchin was very surprised when ________.

A. Paul received an expensive ear          B. Paul told him about the car

C. he saw the shining car                 D. he was walking around the car

25。 From the story we can see the urchin ________。

A. wished to give his brother a car         B. wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C. wished he could have a brother like Paul's D. wished Paul could he a brother like that

26。 The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________。

A。 to show his neighbours the big car       B。 to show he had a rich friend

C。 to let his brother ride in the car          D。 to tell his brother about his wish

27。 We can infer from the story that ________。

   A。 Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B。 the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C。 the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov. 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像).

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844. As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health. However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal。

  When Samuel was 12,his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒). After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant. It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing.

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St。 Louis。 While in St。 LouisSamuel became a river pilot' s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured. “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行)。

  In 1861Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States。 In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon。

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865。 Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885。 He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles。

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal. Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year.

28。What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A. Injury.       B. Pressure.     C. Sadness.     D. Illness.

29.Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a. Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice。

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c. Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal。

   d. Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published。

   e. Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter.

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon.

A. abcdef             B .c,abe,df

C。 ca,bef,d             D. acbef,d

30.What can we know from the passage?

A. Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing.

B. Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood.

C. Before his first bookMark Twain published his writing.

D。 Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total。

31.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C. What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did.

 D。 The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write.

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how。

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer。 The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹)。Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”.

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32.The passage begins with two questions to ______.

A. introduce the main topic    B。 show the author’s attitude

C. describe how to use the Internet  D。 explain how to store information

33.What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B。The two groups remembered the information equally well。

C.The first group did not try to remember the information.

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34。In transactive memory, people _________。

A.keep the information in mind    B。change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D。remember how to find the information

35.What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B.We are becoming more intelligent.

C。We have poorer memories than before。 D.We need a better way to access information.

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn fact,the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a change,you need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family,get in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your day?Once you are clear about your reasonstell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake upconsider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your familysave some time the night before by setting out clothesshoesand bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following week,a recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If not,take another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are working,keep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up time,no matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago。 I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia。 It was a small school with a weak football program。

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice。 The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game。 Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me. I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  .Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football.

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  。Finally, we faced the number one team in the state。 I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game。 But that wasnˈt what happened。 My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team. Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them. I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners。

Winners are made, but born。

41.   A。 luck B. tests C. efforts D. nature

42.   A。 experiment B. experience C。 visit D. show

43.   A. operating B. editing C. consulting D. coaching

44。   A. successful B. excellent C。 strong D. new

45。   A. cheer for B。 prepare for C. help with D. finish with

46。  A. believe B. agree C. describe D。 regret

47。   A. realize B。 claim C. permit D. demand

48。   A. reacting to B. looking for C。 depending on D. caring about

49.   A. decision B。 attitude C. conclusion D. intention

50.   A。 pride B. culture C. fortune D。 relationship

51。   A。 leaders B。 partners C。 winners D。 leaners

52.   A。 rewards B. vacations C. health D. honor

53。   A. risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced

54.   A。 defeat B. decline C. accident D。 mistake

55.   A。 relax B. improve C. expand D. defend

56.   A。 shame B. burden C. victory D。 favor

57.   A. chances B。 thrills C. concerns D. offers

58。   A. surprise B。 serve C. interest D. affect

59.   A. encouraged B. observed C. protected D。 impressed

60.   A. honestly B。 individually C. calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers。 However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy. So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit.

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs. For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to drink a lot of water.   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair.

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports. When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71。 Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先)。

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery.

73. Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World.

74。 The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China。

75. Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside.

77. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78. Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses。

79. We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom。

80. I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand。

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81. 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal.

82。 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83. 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school。

84. 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years.

85. 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave。

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100.

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61.regularly    62.with    63.it    64.Drinking    65.that

66.exercising    67.produces    68.relaxed    69.suggestions    70。better

V. 词汇运用10分)

71。 ancestors    72。 awarded    73。 arrival    74。 energetic    75。 permission

76。 Curiosity    77。 balanced    78。 strengths     79。 sought     80。 unpaid

VI. 完成句子5分)

81. was brought up      82. getting away with      83. account for      

84. have taken place      85. It was abvious that

VII. 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So Im writing to give you some advice about it。

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately. Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them. Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems. Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions。 Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health. Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help.
    I’m looking forward to your early reply.

 2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1。 What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Make a cake.  B. Set the alarm.   C. Go to a birthday party.

2. What does the woman think about reading right now?

A. It’s bad for the man’s eyes.  B。 It’s fine for the man to do it。

C。 There’s enough light to do it。

3。 Who made the painting?

A。 The woman。  B. The man’s daughter.  C. A professional painter.

4. Which bus should the man take?

A. The No.40.    B. The No.9.   C。 The No。14。

5。 Who is the woman?

A. A farmer.     B。 A customer。   C。 A store owner。

第二节(共15小题;每小题1。5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Where did the man just come from?

A. The hospital.    B. Bob’s home.   C. His soccer practice.

7. Why did Bob get hurt?

A. He got hit by a ball.   B。 He ran too much。  C。 He was pushed。

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8。 What are the players given in the beginning?

A. A map.     B. Some tools.   C. A piece of paper.

9. What happens at the end of the game?

A. You get a prize.    B. You start over again.

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10。 What is the man doing?

A. Giving a lecture.  B. Selling something.   C。 Performing in a show。

11. How much are the necklaces?

A。 $20 each。    B。 $30 each。    C。 $60 each。

12. Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A。 Stephanie。   B. The woman.   C。 The man’s mother。

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13。 What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B. Directions to a place.  C。 Electricity in her house。

14. Where does the woman live?

A. At 312 Bush Street.  B。 At 368 Bush Street。  C. At 668 Pine Street.

15. What day of the week is it today?

A。 Monday。    B. Friday.    C. Saturday.

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A. Sad.     B。 Worried。    C. Satisfied.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17。 What was Pat Hogan doing?

A. Driving home.  B. Helping old people. C. Traveling around the country.

18. Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B。 In his own house。  C. At his friend’s house.

19。 How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B. About nine miles.  C. About twelve miles.

20。 Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A。 He wanted to get home。 B. He forgot to stop Pat.  C。 He didn’t see the hotel。

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits。 Here are some findings and expert advice。

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day。

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week。 And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议)。

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3。 How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

· Step:  Be aware of germs。 Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds。

21。 What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B。 Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week。

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           .

A. eight times a day         B. three times a day   

C。 four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D。 We should wash our hands before touching a door handle。

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear。 "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked。

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas." The boy was surprised. "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything. Boy, I wish..." He hesitated (犹豫)。

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for。 He was going to wish he had a brother like that。 But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly。

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that。" Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that."

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted。 He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear。 But Paul was wrong again。 "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked。

He ran up to the steps。 Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast。 He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs。 His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent。 And some day I'm going to give you one just like it。 Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about。"

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride.

24。 The street urchin was very surprised when ________。

A. Paul received an expensive ear          B. Paul told him about the car

C. he saw the shining car                 D. he was walking around the car

25. From the story we can see the urchin ________.

A。 wished to give his brother a car         B。 wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C。 wished he could have a brother like Paul's D。 wished Paul could he a brother like that

26. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________.

A. to show his neighbours the big car       B. to show he had a rich friend

C. to let his brother ride in the car          D. to tell his brother about his wish

27. We can infer from the story that ________.

   A. Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B。 the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C. the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov. 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像)。

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844。 As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health。 However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal.

  When Samuel was 12his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒)。 After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant。 It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing。

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St。 Louis。 While in St。 Louis,Samuel became a river pilot' s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured. “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行)。

  In 1861,Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States. In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon.

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865。 Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885。 He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles。

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal. Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year.

28.What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A. Injury.       B. Pressure.     C. Sadness.     D. Illness.

29.Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a. Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice。

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c。 Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal。

   d. Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published.

   e. Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter。

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon.

A。 abcdef             B 。ca,bedf

C. c,ab,e,fd             D。 acb,ef,d

30.What can we know from the passage?

A. Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing.

B. Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood.

C。 Before his first book,Mark Twain published his writing.

D。 Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total.

31。Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C. What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did.

 D. The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write.

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer. The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹).Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”.

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32。The passage begins with two questions to ______。

A. introduce the main topic    B。 show the author’s attitude

C. describe how to use the Internet  D. explain how to store information

33。What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B。The two groups remembered the information equally well。

C。The first group did not try to remember the information。

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34.In transactive memory, people _________.

A.keep the information in mind    B。change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D.remember how to find the information

35.What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A。We are using memory differently。   B。We are becoming more intelligent。

C.We have poorer memories than before. D。We need a better way to access information。

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn factthe key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a change,you need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family,get in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your day?Once you are clear about your reasonstell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake upconsider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your family,save some time the night before by setting out clothesshoes,and bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If nottake another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are workingkeep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up timeno matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1。5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner. People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago. I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia。 It was a small school with a weak football program。

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game。 Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me。 I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  。Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football.

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  。Finally, we faced the number one team in the state。 I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game。 But that wasnˈt what happened。 My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team。 Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them。 I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born。

41.   A. luck B。 tests C. efforts D. nature

42.   A。 experiment B. experience C。 visit D. show

43.   A. operating B。 editing C. consulting D。 coaching

44.   A. successful B. excellent C. strong D。 new

45。   A。 cheer for B. prepare for C。 help with D. finish with

46.  A. believe B. agree C. describe D. regret

47.   A. realize B. claim C。 permit D. demand

48.   A. reacting to B。 looking for C. depending on D。 caring about

49。   A。 decision B. attitude C. conclusion D. intention

50.   A。 pride B。 culture C。 fortune D。 relationship

51。   A。 leaders B。 partners C。 winners D. leaners

52。   A. rewards B。 vacations C. health D. honor

53.   A。 risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced

54.   A。 defeat B。 decline C. accident D. mistake

55.   A。 relax B. improve C. expand D。 defend

56.   A。 shame B。 burden C。 victory D。 favor

57.   A. chances B. thrills C. concerns D. offers

58.   A。 surprise B。 serve C. interest D. affect

59.   A。 encouraged B。 observed C. protected D. impressed

60.   A. honestly B. individually C. calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers。 However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy. So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit。

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs。 For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit。 You also need to drink a lot of water。   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair。

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy。 Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports。 When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71. Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先).

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery.

73。 Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World.

74. The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China.

75. Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside.

77. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78. Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses.

79。 We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom.

80. I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand.

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81. 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal.

82. 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83. 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school.

84。 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years.

85。 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave.

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100.

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61。regularly    62.with    63.it    64。Drinking    65.that

66.exercising    67.produces    68.relaxed    69.suggestions    70.better

V. 词汇运用10分)

71。 ancestors    72。 awarded    73。 arrival    74。 energetic    75。 permission

76。 Curiosity    77。 balanced    78。 strengths     79。 sought     80。 unpaid

VI。 完成句子5分)

81. was brought up      82. getting away with      83. account for      

84. have taken place      85. It was abvious that

VII. 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So Im writing to give you some advice about it.

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately. Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them. Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems. Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions. Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health。 Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help.
    I’m looking forward to your early reply。

 2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l。5分,满分7。5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman want the man to do?

A。 Make a cake。  B。 Set the alarm。   C. Go to a birthday party.

2. What does the woman think about reading right now?

A。 It’s bad for the man’s eyes。  B。 It’s fine for the man to do it。

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3. Who made the painting?

A。 The woman。  B. The man’s daughter.  C. A professional painter.

4. Which bus should the man take?

A。 The No。40。    B. The No.9.   C. The No.14.

5. Who is the woman?

A。 A farmer。     B。 A customer。   C。 A store owner。

第二节(共15小题;每小题1。5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6。 Where did the man just come from?

A. The hospital.    B. Bob’s home.   C. His soccer practice.

7。 Why did Bob get hurt?

A。 He got hit by a ball。   B. He ran too much.  C. He was pushed.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the players given in the beginning?

A. A map.     B。 Some tools。   C. A piece of paper.

9。 What happens at the end of the game?

A. You get a prize.    B。 You start over again。

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. What is the man doing?

A。 Giving a lecture。  B. Selling something.   C. Performing in a show.

11. How much are the necklaces?

A。 $20 each。    B. $30 each.    C. $60 each.

12. Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A. Stephanie.   B. The woman.   C. The man’s mother.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What does the woman need help with?

A。 A fallen tree。  B. Directions to a place.  C。 Electricity in her house。

14。 Where does the woman live?

A. At 312 Bush Street.  B。 At 368 Bush Street。  C. At 668 Pine Street.

15。 What day of the week is it today?

A. Monday.    B。 Friday。    C。 Saturday。

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A。 Sad。     B. Worried.    C. Satisfied.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17。 What was Pat Hogan doing?

A. Driving home.  B. Helping old people. C。 Traveling around the country。

18. Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B。 In his own house。  C。 At his friend’s house。

19. How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B. About nine miles.  C. About twelve miles.

20。 Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A. He wanted to get home. B。 He forgot to stop Pat。  C。 He didn’t see the hotel。

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2。 How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议).

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes。 Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle。 And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds。

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

· Step:  Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

21。 What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B。 Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week。

C。 All of them are fighting germs better than expected。

D。 About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           .

A. eight times a day         B. three times a day   

C. four times a day      D. twice a day

23。 Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D。 We should wash our hands before touching a door handle。

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear。 "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked。

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas。" The boy was surprised。 "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything。 Boy, I wish。。。" He hesitated (犹豫)。

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for. He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly.

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that." Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that。"

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear. But Paul was wrong again. "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked.

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about."

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car。 The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride。

24. The street urchin was very surprised when ________.

A. Paul received an expensive ear          B. Paul told him about the car

C. he saw the shining car                 D. he was walking around the car

25。 From the story we can see the urchin ________。

A. wished to give his brother a car         B. wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C. wished he could have a brother like Paul's D. wished Paul could he a brother like that

26. The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________.

A. to show his neighbours the big car       B. to show he had a rich friend

C. to let his brother ride in the car          D. to tell his brother about his wish

27. We can infer from the story that ________.

   A. Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B。 the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C. the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov. 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像).

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844。 As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health。 However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal。

  When Samuel was 12,his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒). After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant. It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing.

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St。 Louis。 While in St。 LouisSamuel became a river pilot' s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot. It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured. “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行).

  In 1861Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States. In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon.

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865。 Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885。 He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles。

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today。 His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal。 Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year。

28.What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A. Injury.       B. Pressure.     C. Sadness.     D. Illness.

29.Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a. Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice.

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c. Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal.

   d。 Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published.

   e。 Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter。

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon。

A. a,b,cdef             B .ca,b,ed,f

C. ca,bef,d             D. acbefd

30.What can we know from the passage?

A. Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing.

B. Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood.

C. Before his first book,Mark Twain published his writing。

D。 Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total.

31。Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. How “Mark Twain” came about.   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C。 What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did.

 D. The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write.

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how.

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer。 The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹).Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”.

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32.The passage begins with two questions to ______.

A. introduce the main topic    B. show the author’s attitude

C. describe how to use the Internet  D. explain how to store information

33。What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B.The two groups remembered the information equally well.

C.The first group did not try to remember the information.

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34。In transactive memory, people _________。

A.keep the information in mind    B。change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D.remember how to find the information

35。What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B.We are becoming more intelligent.

C。We have poorer memories than before。 D.We need a better way to access information.

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn factthe key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a changeyou need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family,get in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your dayOnce you are clear about your reasons,tell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake up,consider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your family,save some time the night before by setting out clothesshoesand bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If not,take another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are working,keep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up time,no matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner。 People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago。 I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia. It was a small school with a weak football program.

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game. Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me。 I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential.

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  。Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football。

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  .Finally, we faced the number one team in the state. I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasnˈt what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team。 Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them。 I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born.

41.   A. luck B. tests C。 efforts D。 nature

42。   A. experiment B. experience C. visit D. show

43.   A。 operating B。 editing C. consulting D. coaching

44。   A. successful B。 excellent C. strong D. new

45。   A. cheer for B。 prepare for C. help with D. finish with

46。  A. believe B. agree C. describe D. regret

47.   A. realize B. claim C。 permit D. demand

48.   A. reacting to B。 looking for C. depending on D. caring about

49.   A. decision B. attitude C. conclusion D. intention

50.   A。 pride B. culture C. fortune D。 relationship

51。   A. leaders B. partners C. winners D. leaners

52.   A. rewards B. vacations C。 health D. honor

53。   A. risked B. missed C. considered D. practiced

54.   A。 defeat B. decline C。 accident D. mistake

55。   A。 relax B。 improve C。 expand D. defend

56。   A. shame B. burden C. victory D. favor

57.   A. chances B. thrills C. concerns D. offers

58.   A. surprise B. serve C. interest D. affect

59。   A. encouraged B。 observed C. protected D。 impressed

60.   A. honestly B. individually C。 calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers. However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy。 So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit。

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs. For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit. You also need to drink a lot of water.   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair.

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports. When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71. Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先).

72. She was ________________ (授予)a medal for her bravery.

73. Columbus Day is in memory of the _____________ (到达)of Christopher Columbus in the New World。

74。 The most _________ energyand important festivals are the Spring Festival in China.

75. Dont go into the office without ________________(允许)

76. ________________ (好奇心)drove Wang Peng inside。

77. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a _______________ (平衡的)diet?

78. Everyone has his ________________ (长处)and weaknesses。

79。 We have ______________ (seek) to make peace between Fred and Tom.

80。 I earned my passage by working as an _____________ (pay) hand.

 

第五部分:完成句子(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

根据汉语句意完成下列句子。

81. 马克吐温是在汉尼拔长大。

Mark Twain _____ _____ _____  in Hannibal.

82。 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们后跑掉。

He could not have Yong Hui _____ _____ _____  telling people lies!

83。 没人能对他旷课做出解释。

Nobody could_____ _____   his absence from school.

84。 近三十年来中国发生了很大的变化。

Great changes _____ _____ _____  in China in the last 30 years.

85. 很明显咖啡店的经理在等李方离开。

_____ _____ _____ _____ the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave。

 

第六部分 书面表达 (满分20分)

假如你是高一学生李华。你的英国笔友 Peter给你来信说到:他进入高中以后感到压力很大。请你根据以下要点,就“如何减轻压力”给他写一封英语信,给出你的建议: 

词数不少于100.

Dear Peter,

 I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study. So I’m writing to give you some advice about it. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

        I’m looking forward to your early reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Hua

 

 

尤溪县高中2018-2019学年下期第一次月考

高一英语试卷

参考答案

I. 听力30分)    

 1—5 BABBC   6—10 CACAB    11—15 BBCAB    16—20 CCACA

II. 阅读理解40分)

21-23 DAC  24-27 BADB  28-31 DBCD  32-35 ACDA   36-40 CBGFE

III. 完形填空30分)

41-45 CBDDB    46-50 AACBA   51-55 CBDAB    56-60 CBDAD

IV. 短文填空15分)

61。regularly    62.with    63.it    64。Drinking    65。that

66.exercising    67。produces    68.relaxed    69.suggestions    70.better

V。 词汇运用10分)

71. ancestors    72. awarded    73. arrival    74. energetic    75. permission

76. Curiosity    77. balanced    78. strengths     79. sought     80. unpaid

VI. 完成句子5分)

81. was brought up      82. getting away with      83. account for      

84. have taken place      85. It was abvious that

VII. 书面表达 20分)

范文:

Dear Peter, 

I have received your letter saying that you are suffering from stress in your new study。 So Im writing to give you some advice about it。

Firstly, you should face the stress appropriately. Stress is inevitable in our daily life, so you cant be afraid of them and try your best to deal with them。 Secondly, it is a good idea to communicate with your parents, friends or teachers about your problems. Talking is a very effective way to ease stress, and during the talking you may get some suggestions and solutions. Whats more, the most beneficial and accessible way to relieve stress is through doing exercise, which allows you to have fun and improve your health. Finally, I think you should believe yourself that you can deal with any troubles by yourself or by others help.
    I’m looking forward to your early reply。

 

2018-2019学年高一下第一次月考试题

  

命题人: 考试时间:120分钟  满分:150

审核人:  

I  (选择题  100 )

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What does the woman want the man to do?

A. Make a cake.  B. Set the alarm.   C. Go to a birthday party.

2. What does the woman think about reading right now?

A。 It’s bad for the man’s eyes。  B. It’s fine for the man to do it.

C. There’s enough light to do it.

3. Who made the painting?

A。 The woman。  B. The man’s daughter.  C。 A professional painter。

4。 Which bus should the man take?

A。 The No。40。    B. The No.9.   C。 The No。14。

5. Who is the woman?

A. A farmer.     B. A customer.   C. A store owner.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。     

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Where did the man just come from?

A. The hospital.    B. Bob’s home.   C. His soccer practice.

7。 Why did Bob get hurt?

A. He got hit by a ball.   B。 He ran too much。  C。 He was pushed。

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. What are the players given in the beginning?

A。 A map。     B. Some tools.   C. A piece of paper.

9. What happens at the end of the game?

A。 You get a prize。    B。 You start over again。

C. You find the directions for the next game.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10。 What is the man doing?

A. Giving a lecture.  B. Selling something.   C. Performing in a show.

11。 How much are the necklaces?

A。 $20 each。    B. $30 each.    C. $60 each.

12. Who wants to buy the necklaces?

A. Stephanie.   B. The woman.   C。 The man’s mother。

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. What does the woman need help with?

A. A fallen tree.  B. Directions to a place.  C. Electricity in her house.

14。 Where does the woman live?

A. At 312 Bush Street.  B. At 368 Bush Street.  C。 At 668 Pine Street。

15. What day of the week is it today?

A. Monday.    B。 Friday。    C。 Saturday。

16. How does the woman probably feel in the end?

A. Sad.     B. Worried.    C。 Satisfied。

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What was Pat Hogan doing?

A. Driving home.  B。 Helping old people。 C. Traveling around the country.

18。 Where did Pat want to stay that night?

A. In the Sun Hotel.  B. In his own house.  C。 At his friend’s house。

19。 How far did Pat drive with the old man?

A. About seven miles.  B. About nine miles.  C. About twelve miles.

20. Why didn’t the old man stop Pat when they passed the hotel?

A。 He wanted to get home。 B. He forgot to stop Pat.  C。 He didn’t see the hotel。

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)[来源:学科网ZXXK]

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A   

The Healthy Habits Survey shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice.

1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday?

·Finding: A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day.

·Step:  Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day.

2。 How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday?

·Finding: Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day---half of the number doctors recommend(建议)。

·Step:  We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day---often inviting germs(病菌)to enter our mouth, nose, and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds.

3. How often do you think about fighting germs?

· Finding: Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should.

· Step:  Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge(海绵)that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.

21. What is found out about American seniors?

A. Most of them have good habits.  B。 Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week。

C. All of them are fighting germs better than expected.

D. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day

22. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands           .

A. eight times a day         B。 three times a day   

C. four times a day      D. twice a day

23. Which of the following is true according to the text?

A. We should keep from touching our faces.

B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth.

C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.

D。 We should wash our hands before touching a door handle。

B

A friend of mine named Paul received an expensive car from his brother as a Christmas present. On Christmas Eve when Paul came out of his office, a street urchin (顽童) was walking around the shining ear。 "Is this your car, Paul?" he asked。

Paul answered, "Yes, my brother gave it to me for Christmas." The boy was surprised. "You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you anything. Boy, I wish..." He hesitated (犹豫).

Of course Paul knew what he was going to wish for. He was going to wish he had a brother like that. But what the boy said surprised Paul greatly.

"I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that。" Paul looked at the boy in surprise, then he said again, "Would you like to take a ride in my ear?"

"Oh, yes, I'd love that."

After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes shining, said, "Paul, would you mind driving in front of my house?"

Paul smiled a little, he thought he knew what the boy wanted. He wanted to show his neighhours that he could ride home in a big ear. But Paul was wrong again. "Will you stop where those two steps are?" the boy asked.

He ran up to the steps. Then in a short while Paul heard him coming back, but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled (残疾) brother. He sat him down on the step and pointed to the car.

"There he is, Buddy, just like I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm going to give you one just like it. Then you can see for yourself all the nice things in the Christmas window that I've been trying to tell you about."

Paul got out and lifted the boy to the front seat of his car。 The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and three of them began an unforgettable holiday ride。

24。 The street urchin was very surprised when ________。

A. Paul received an expensive ear          B. Paul told him about the car

C。 he saw the shining car                 D。 he was walking around the car

25. From the story we can see the urchin ________.

A. wished to give his brother a car         B. wanted Paul's brother to give him a car

C. wished he could have a brother like Paul's D. wished Paul could he a brother like that

26。 The urchin asked Paul to stop his car in front of his house ________。

A. to show his neighbours the big car       B. to show he had a rich friend

C. to let his brother ride in the car          D. to tell his brother about his wish

27. We can infer from the story that ________.

   A。 Paul couldn’t understand the urchin    B. the urchin had a deep love for his brother

   C. the urchin wanted to show off         D. Paul wanted to show off his car

C

On Nov。 30, 1835, Samuel Langhorne Clemens was welcomed into the world as the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens。 Little did John and Jane know, their son Samuel would one day be known as Mark Twain—America's most famous literary(文学) icon(偶像).

   Samuel's father was a judge, and he built a two story frame house at 206 Hill Street in 1844. As a child, Samuel was kept indoors because of poor health. However, at the age of nine, he seemed to recover from his ailments and then attended a private school in Hannibal。

  When Samuel was 12,his father died of pneumonia(肺炎), and at 13Samuel left school to become a printer's apprentice(学徒). After two short years, he joined his brother Orion's newspaper as a printer and an editorial assistant. It was there that young Samuel found he enjoyed writing.

  At 17, he left Hannibal for a printer' s job in St. Louis. While in St. LouisSamuel became a river pilot' s apprentice. He became a licensed river pilot in 1858. Samuel's pen name, Mark Twaincomes from his days as a river pilot。 It is a river term which means, 12 feet when the depth of water for a boat is being measured。 “Mark Twain” means that is safe to navigate(航行).

  In 1861Samuel began working as a newspaper reporter for several newspapers all over the United States。 In 1870, he married Olivia Langdon。

  Mark Twain began to gain fame when his story, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County appeared in The New York Saturday Press on November 18, 1865. Mark Twain's first book, The Innocents Abroad, was published in 1869, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer in 1876, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn in 1885. He wrote 28 books and numerous short stories, letters and other articles.

  Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, but has a following still today. His childhood home is open to the public as a museum in Hannibal. Walking tours are given in New York City of places that Mark Twain visited near his birthday every year.

28.What does the underlined word “ailments” refer to?

A. Injury.       B. Pressure.     C. Sadness.     D. Illness.

29。Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

   a。 Samuel Clemens left school to become a printer' s apprentice。

   b. Samuel Clemens became a licensed river pilot.

   c. Samuel Clemens attended a private school in Hannibal.

   d. Samuel Clemens' first book The Innocents Abroad was published.

   e。 Samuel Clemens began working as a newspaper reporter.

   f. Samuel Clemens married Olivia Langdon。

A。 a,bcdef             B 。ca,bed,f

C. cabe,fd             D。 a,cb,e,f,d

30。What can we know from the passage?

A. Samuel Clemens' parents had found his great talent for writing.

B。 Samuel Clemens had good health in his childhood.

C. Before his first bookMark Twain published his writing.

D. Mark Twain wrote 28 short stories in total.

31。Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A。 How “Mark Twain” came about。   B.Samuel Clemens' main works during his life.

C。 What jobs Samuel Clemens ever did.

 D。 The person who encouraged Samuel Clemens to write。

D

As Internet users become more dependent on the Internet to store information, are people remembering less? If you know your computer will save information, why store it in your own personal memory, your brain? Experts are wondering if the Internet is changing what we remember and how。

In a recent study, Professor Betsy Sparrow conducted some experiments. She and her research team wanted to know how the Internet is changing memory. In the first experiment, they gave people 40 unimportant facts to type into a computer. The first group of people understood that the computer would save the information. The second group understood that the computer would not save it. Later, the second group remembered the information better. People in the first group knew they could find the information again, so they did not try to remember it.

In another experiment, the researchers gave people facts to remember, and told them where to find the information on the computer. The information was in a specific computer folder(文件夹)。Surprisingly, people later remembered the folder location(位置)better than the facts. When people use the Internet, they do not remember the information. Rather, they remember how to find it. This is called “transactive memory(交互记忆)”.

According to Sparrow, we are not becoming people with poor memories as a result of the Internet. Instead, computer users are developing stronger transactive memories; that is, people are learning how to organize huge quantities of information so that they are able to access it at a later date. This doesn’t mean we are becoming either more or less intelligent, but there is no doubt that the way we use memory is changing.

32.The passage begins with two questions to ______.

A. introduce the main topic    B。 show the author’s attitude

C。 describe how to use the Internet  D. explain how to store information

33。What can we learn about the first experiment?

A.The Sparrow’s team typed the information into a computer.

B。The two groups remembered the information equally well。

C.The first group did not try to remember the information.

D.The second group did not understand the information.

34.In transactive memory, people _________.

A。keep the information in mind    B.change the quantity of information

C.organize information like a computer  D。remember how to find the information

35.What is the effect of the Internet according to Sparrow’s research?

A.We are using memory differently.   B.We are becoming more intelligent.

C。We have poorer memories than before。 D.We need a better way to access information.

 

七选五

Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on the alarm clockIn factthe key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock 36 . Here's how to make one

37 In order to make a changeyou need to decide why it's importantDo you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your familyget in some exerciseor just be better prepared for your dayOnce you are clear about your reasons,tell your family or roommates about the change you want to make

●Rethink morningsNow that you know why you want to wake upconsider re-arranging your morning activitiesIf you want time to have breakfast with your familysave some time the night before by setting out clothesshoesand bags 38 That's a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you bought a coffee maker with a timer

●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekendsIf you're tired out by Friday nightsleeping in on Saturday could sound wonderfulBut compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following weeka recent study found  39

●Keep a record and evaluate it weeklyKeep track of your efforts and write down how you feelAfter you've tried a new method for a weektake a look at your record 40 If nottake another look at other methods you could try

AGet a sleep specialist

 BFind the right motivation

 CA better plan for sleep can help

 DAnd consider setting a second alarm

 EIf the steps you take are workingkeep it up

 FStick to your set bedtime and wake-up timeno matter the day

 GReconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1。5分,满分30分) 

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC  D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 

No one is born a winner。 People make themselves into winners by their own  (41)  I learned this lesson from a(n)   (42)   many years ago。 I took the head  (43)  job at a school in Baxley, Georgia。 It was a small school with a weak football program。

It was a tradition for the schoolˈs old team to play against the  (44)   team at the end of spring practice. The old team had no coach, and they didnˈt even practice to   (45)  the game。 Being the coach of the new team, I was excited because I knew we were going to win, but to my disappointment we were defeated. I couldnˈt   (46)  I had got into such a situation. Thinking hard about it, I came to  (47)  that my team might not be the number one team in Georgia, but they were  (48)  me。 I had to change my  (49)  about their ability and potential。

I started doing anything I could to help them build a little  (50)  。Most important, I began to treat them like   (51)  .That summer, When the other teams enjoyed their  (52)  ,we met every day and  (53)  passing and kicking the football。

Six months after suffering our  (54)  on the spring practice field, we won our first game and our second, and continued to  (55)  。Finally, we faced the number one team in the state。 I felt that it would be a  (56)  for us even if we lost the game. But that wasnˈt what happened. My boys beat the best team in Georgia, giving me one of the greatest  (57)  of my life

From the experience I learnt a lot about how the attitude of the leader can  (58)  the members of a team。 Instead of seeing my boys as losers, I pushed and  (59)  them. I helped them to see themselves  (60)  ,and they built themselves into winners.

Winners are made, but born。

41。   A. luck B. tests C. efforts D. nature

42.   A. experiment B。 experience C. visit D. show

43.   A. operating B. editing C. consulting D。 coaching

44。   A. successful B. excellent C. strong D. new

45.   A. cheer for B。 prepare for C. help with D. finish with

46.  A。 believe B。 agree C. describe D. regret

47。   A。 realize B. claim C。 permit D. demand

48.   A。 reacting to B. looking for C. depending on D. caring about

49.   A. decision B. attitude C. conclusion D. intention

50。   A. pride B. culture C。 fortune D. relationship

51.   A. leaders B. partners C。 winners D。 leaners

52。   A. rewards B. vacations C。 health D. honor

53.   A. risked B. missed C。 considered D。 practiced

54.   A. defeat B。 decline C. accident D. mistake

55.   A. relax B。 improve C. expand D。 defend

56.   A。 shame B. burden C。 victory D. favor

57.   A. chances B. thrills C。 concerns D。 offers

58.   A。 surprise B. serve C. interest D. affect

59。   A. encouraged B. observed C. protected D. impressed

60.   A. honestly B。 individually C. calmly D. differently

      
II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diet and way of life are often a problem for teenagers. However, if you eat the right food and exercise  (61)   (regular), you can feel better, look better and have more energy. So healthy eating along   (62)    regular exercise is probably the only way to become fit.

As a teenager, it is important to give your body the energy   (63)   needs。 For a healthy diet, you should eat mostly rice, bread, vegetables and fruit。 You also need to drink a lot of water。   (64)    (drink) enough water will improve your skin and give you healthy hair。

Exercise is something   (65)   can help to make you look good, feel good and be healthy. Teenagers should spend at least 30 minutes  (66)  (exercise), five times a week. Walking and riding your bike count, and  so do school sports. When you exercise, your body  (67)  (produce)  chemicals that make you feel peaceful and   (68)    (relax) and increase your ability to concentrate when you study. A good amount of sleep every night is also important for your health. Teenagers need eight to ten hours of sleep each night.

If you follow the   (69)   (suggest) above, you will look and feel much    (70)    (good) in no time at all!

第四部分:词汇运用(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

根据所给的词汉语提示写出该词的正确形式。

71. Some festivals are held to satisfy the __________________ (祖先).

72. S